Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Arthur Schopenhauer is a German philosopher who was born on February 22nd, 1788 and died on September 21st, 1860. He was born in the city of Danzig but later moved to the city of Hamburg where he became interested in studying metaphysics, ethics and psychology. Schopenhauer is known as the philosopher of Pessimism because he created a theory that challenged the value of existence. SchopenhauerÃ¢â¬â¢s main focus was on individual motivation Ã¢â¬Ëthe willÃ¢â¬â¢ and how human desires cause pain and suffering. He wrote a book on the will called The World as Will and Representation. This book was a collaboration of KantÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of idealism with his own theory on that the will is the thing-in-itself. Schopenhauer was greatly influenced by thinkers like Kant and Plato. He as well influenced thinkers like Sigmund Freud, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Friedrich Nietzsche. Summary of Ideas: The Ã¢â¬ËWillÃ¢â¬ : Schopenhauer believed that humans were only motivated by their basic desires. He believed that human desires only cause suffering and pain. As well he believed that human desires are illogical and directionless. He believed that the will controls all aspects of human life. SchopenhauerÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas on the will are similar to the ideas of Buddhism and the four noble truths. He believed that free will exists but humans are not able to achieve it because everything is determined by how the body reacts to a situation. He stated that Ã¢â¬Å"Man can indeed do what he wants, but he cannot will what he wants. Ã¢â¬ (On the Freedom of the Will) Ethics: The basics of Schopenhauer ethics is about compassion. He believes compassion canÃ¢â¬â¢t be taught but only learned by experience. Compassion is the knowledge of seeing someone suffer equally to a suffering they have faced in their life and being able to relate and have sympathy for them. Schopenhauer distinguishes a good person not from the nature of their actions but the level of compassion they have for them. He believes that the difference between a good person and a normal person is distinguished by when seeing someone suffer the good person will sacrifice his own well-being for the other person. Therefore he takes on all their troubles. Schopenhauer believes this is the highest degree in ethical conduct. Pessimism: Schopenhauer believes since the will has no purpose or goal that the will can never achieve satisfaction. He believes the main goal of existence is to gain satisfaction but trying to achieve it is unsustainable because it leads to frustration. For that reason he says existence of human beings can only be characterized by suffering. He believes this theory is for all animals and since humans have a higher intellectual capacity that they will suffer more in life than any other animal. He as well stated that even using reasoning will not change the amount of suffering the person experiences because reason only increases the suffering. Schopenhauer concludes that nonexistence is and should be more preferable then existence. He believes people should realize that to exist is to suffer and the goal in life for people should be to try and resist oneÃ¢â¬â¢s desires. Application: Animal Welfare: Schopenhauer believed humans and animals are essentially equal and the same. He believed that everything is basically will and that humans and animals are the same because they can recognize characteristics and emotion in each other. Schopenhauer stated Ã¢â¬Å"Unlike the intellect, it [the Will] does not depend on the perfection of the organism, but is essentially the same in all animals as that which is known to us so intimately. Accordingly, the animal has all the emotions of humans, such as joy, grief, fear, anger, love, hatred, strong desire, envy, and so on. The great difference between human and animal rests solely on the intellectÃ¢â¬â¢s degrees of perfection. Ã¢â¬ (On the Will in Nature, Physiology and Pathology) He believed that a good person will have compassion for animals when they are hurt because they are fellow sufferers. People who are cruel to animals are not good people because they do not have compassion.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Introduction Ã¢â¬â The Policy issue that I intend to examine is Immigration and Employment History on Immigration in Canada Canada has continuously served as a home to immigrants and refugees from decade to decade harbouring people from a variety of cultural and ethnic backgrounds. The first set of immigrants to settle in the country came from Britain, the United States and from other nationalities mostly including immigrants from Europe who were either desperate to escape from religious or political turmoil or were simply attracted to CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s economic promise. Soon after the Canadian confederation in 1867, immigrants from Irish and Chinese backgrounds who occupied most of the country were used as workers and the demand for labourers toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, during the World War II era and the years that followed, these policies were discouraged in order to encourage more skilled and professional immigrants to participate in the Canadian labour market. However, in 1967, a new policy called the Points System which was developed to meet the economic and labour needs of Canada was fo rmed. With the existence of this policy, more non white immigrants were able to migrate to Canada. Presently, the current Immigration Act consists of both economic, family and refugee class in which immigrants enter into the country. The Issue Immigrants today now have the privilege of entering and residing in Canada but along with this privilege, there are also barriers that impede their integration and deprive them of equal opportunity in the society. The undervaluing of foreign education and credentials has emerged over the years as a huge obstacle faced by recent immigrants who seek employment in the areas that they have been trained, and worked in for decades in their respective home countries. For years, newcomers in Canada have been denied inclusion into the Canadian labour market simply because of policies that wereShow MoreRelatedHow Immigrants Have Been Treated Over The History Of Canada853 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThroughout this course, the focus has been on how Immigrants have been treated over the history of Canada and the phases in which events and settlements began. Abu-Laban states Substantive citizenship involves pressing issues relating to equality of rights and opportunities; treatment and life condition; and, not least, participatory involvement that ought to come from holding formal citizenshipÃ¢â¬ ¦In short, being a citizen is no guarantee of equality; real equality is hampered by inequalities resultingRead MoreBibliography Chinese Immigration in Canada1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCHINESE IMMIGRANTS IN CANADA AND THEIR PROBLEMS ON THE CANADIAN LABOR MARKET History 287 Ã¢â¬â The Chinese in Canada and Canadians in China Bolaria, B. Singh, and Sean P. Hier. Race and Racism in 21st-century Canada: Continuity, Complexity, and Change. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview, 2007. Print. According to a statistics from Citizenship and Immigration Canada, the number of mainland Chinese immigrants to Canada increased impressively in the past 25 years. This has brought a significant amountRead MoreCanada Is A Multiculturalism Country1070 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWe always say Canada is a multiculturalism country. However, what is multiculturalism? A country that is full of people with different cultural backgrounds and different races living together in peace. Canada is a multicultural society, so an increasing number of immigrants came to Canada, mostly from African, Asian, and Caribbean countries. But in Canadian history of multiculturalism has started with xenophobic approach to immigrants. In the beginning of 20th century, immigrants could not be recognizedRead MoreIs Canada A Racially Inclusive Society? Essay1621 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesto support the contrary. Many events in CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s history have shows that it is guilty of promoting racial hierarchies and cultur al insensitivities. Throughout CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s development there has always remained an emphasis on promoting the supremacy of the white race, and Anglo-Canadian culture. After further examination of evidence from the courses curriculum, one thing remains prominent in periods of racism, the government. In relation to immigration, periods of conflict, and large government initiativesRead MoreFluctuation Of Immigration On Canada And The 20th Century What Are The Possible Factors?1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFLUCTUATIONS OF IMMIGRATION TO CANADA IN THE 20th CENTURY WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE FACTORS? MADE BY: AAYUSHI SHAH STUDENT NO. : 300874124 Fluctuation of immigration to Canada in 20th century and what are possible factors? Firstly, what is immigration? Origin of the word immigration is from Ã [im-i-grey-shuh n] Definition of immigration: ImmigrationRead MoreThe Problems Of Integration Of Immigrants1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe problems of integration of Immigrants in Canada: What problems did the high skilled immigrant s faces? Introduction Even though the Canada is historically was settled and developed by immigrants, the immigration and integration of migrants are still controversial issues in Canada. Integration is also a multidimensional process involving economic, social, political, and cultural integration. Unfortunately, current immigration policies in CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s new economy have primarily focused on economicRead MoreEssay about ImmigrationÃ¢â¬â¢s Benefit To Canada 541 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesImmigration is of great economic and social benefit to Canada. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s an important role in developing our economy, and it shapes the nation into a multicultural nation. Immigration is a significant role in building our economy, providing growth in the labor force, making a strong economy, and becoming a multicultural nation. Immigration provides very constant growth in the labor force, which is helping the Canadian labor market. With the amount of immigrants coming into Canada, there is an increaseRead MoreEffectiveness Of The United States And Canada s Polices Towards Refugees Essay1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEffectiveness of the United States and CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s Polices Towards Refugees Has United States or Canada been more effective with implementing and abiding by refugee rules and laws? Before discussing and comparing which of these countries had been more successful, the historical context of refugees needs to be explored. Although refugees have existed throughout the course of history, the definitions of what a refuge is had shifted and evolved over time. The League of Nations in the 1920s defined refugeesRead MoreThe Immigration Of The United States989 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFor many centuries now immigration has been important to the key developments of North American countries. From the English settlers from the original 13 colonies, to the French who settled into what is now modern day Canada, even the Irish and German settlers during the Industrial revolution, all the way to Mexicans trying to find work in the booming U.S. economy after the second world war, immigrants have always flocked to America in search of a better life. The Immigration issues doesnÃ ¢â¬â¢t just stopRead MoreHow Did The Ukrainian Immigrants Affect Canadian Society?1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesQuestion: How did the Ukrainian Immigrants affect Canadian Society. Outline: P1: Introduction Canada, known to its citizens as being diverse and having multicultural history.One historical events of Canada is the Ukrainian immigration. In the 1800, the waves of immigration from the Ukrainian area began as one Ukrainian family came to. Ukrainians are one of the predominant groups that arrived to Canada to start anew. This led them to change a lot of CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s society then in the late 1800s. P2:
Monday, December 30, 2019
Naram-Sin (2254-18) was the grandson of Sargon, founder of the Akkad Dynasty [see 1st Empire] that was headquartered in Akkad, a city somewhere in northern Babylonia. While Sargon called himself King of Kish, military leader Naram-Sin was King of the four corners (of the universe) and a living god. This status was an innovation that is recorded in an inscription that says the deification was at the request of the citizens, possibly because of a series of military victories. A victory stele now at the Louvre shows a larger than normal, divinely horned-helmeted Naram-Sin. Naram-Sin expanded the territory of Akkad, improved administration by standardizing accounting, and increased the religious prominence of Akkad by installing several daughters as high priestesses of the important cults in Babylonian cities. His campaigns seem to have been waged mostly in western Iran and northern Syria, where a monument was built at modern Tell Brak made of bricks stamped with Naram-Sins name. Naram-Sins daughter Taram-Agade appears to have been married to a Syrian king for diplomatic reasons. Source: A History of the Near East ca. 3000-323 B.C., by Marc Van De Mieroop. Go to other Ancient / Classical History Glossary pages beginning with the letter a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | wxyz Also Known As: Naram-Suen Alternate Spellings: NarÃ m-SÃ ®n, Naram-Sin
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Whole Foods Market Case Analysis Whole Foods Market has received recognition as recent as January 27th 2011 when CNBC aired Supermarkets Inc: Inside a 500 Billion Money Machine. Ã¢â¬Å"Whole Foods is arguably the most influential, and by some measures, the most successful supermarket chain in the world. The specialty gourmet store has grown into a Fortune-300 company offering specialty foods and locally grown organic produce.1Ã¢â¬ CNBC goes on to state that even Ã¢â¬Å"Established brands like Safeway, Giant Eagle and Kroger are cultural icons as familiar as our own street names, but they are under constant attack from brilliant upstarts like Whole FoodsÃ¢â¬ ¦1Ã¢â¬ From the general supermarket industry Whole Foods Market breaks down into even a smaller specificÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Whole Foods Market has had experience in the natural/organic retailing industry since 1980. For the past 30+ years they have built over 300 large customized stores in North America and also in the United Kingdom. Whole Food s Market is known to provide the highest quality of products. Weaknesses of Whole Foods Market include the high prices for their products; this is a direct result of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on their availability of the finest products. The majority of Whole Foods Market inventory consists of perishable items. This can sometimes pose problems because, produce, milk, eggs have a short shelf life, Produce especially needs constant maintenance to be graded as well as pulling the damaged or bruised produce off the sales floor. Working as a produce clerk for several years I know the importance decreasing the cost of throw away products. It hurts the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s sales especially when you are dealing with pricy high quality natural and organic foods. Another weakness the Whole Foods Market faces is the high costs associated with expanding into different locations. The third part of SWOT is external opportunities that WFM faces in the industry. Over the past couple of decades moreShow MoreRelatedCase Analysis On Whole Foods Market1577 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Case Analysis on Whole Foods Market Wanda I. Ramos Trident University BUS 599: Title of Course ProfessorÃ¢â¬â¢s Name July 16, 2015 Abstract Case analysis are detailed descriptions of real management situations. In the case analysis below on Whole Foods Market, the objective was to analyze the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy in the market, as well as looking at their mission and values, and how they have applied them and grown. By applying concepts to actual cases, we improve your ability to thinkRead MoreWhole Foods Market Case Analysis1768 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesWHOLE FOODS MARKET, 2005: WILL THERE BE ENOUGH ORGANIC FOOD TO SATISFY THE GROWING DEMAND? Introduction Whole Foods Market has developed into the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest retail chain of organic foods supermarkets. Their fast growth success is mainly due to being high selective core values. The company employs more than 32000 workers and also with an average size of store of approximately 3000 square metres. Analysis General environment Economic An affluent Organization for Economic Co-operationRead MoreWhole Food Markets Case Analysis Essay1986 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesRunning Head: GROUP CASE ANALYSIS WEEK 6 Group Case Analysis WEEK 6 Whole Foods Markets, Inc. Executive Summary: Existing mission, objectives, and strategies: According to Strategic Management Concepts and Cases, written by F. David, Whole Food Market, Inc.Ã¢â¬â¢s current mission statement is as follows, Ã¢â¬Å"to promote the vitality and well-being of all individuals by supplying the highest quality, most wholesome foods availableÃ¢â¬ (DavidRead MoreCase Analysis: John Mackey, Whole Foods Market Essay examples1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEric Smith Christine Hill Organizational behavior January 24, 2013 Case Analysis: John Mackey, Whole Foods Market 1. What role, if any, does McGregorÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory Y play at Whole Foods? Explain. According to Kreitner and Kinicki (2013) McGregor contrasted two views on human nature by insisting that Theory Y assumes that people are more positive at work, and believed managers could accomplish more by viewing employees as such (p.9). The other outdated theory, is Theory X, which is a moreRead MoreWhole Foods Market, 2005: Will There Be Enough Organic Food to Satisfy the Growing Demand?1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCase 11 Whole Foods Market, 2005: Will there be enough organic food to satisfy the growing demand? Summary Whole food market is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading retailer of natural and organic food industry. A firm believer in the virtuous circle entwining food chain, human being and mother earth, they conduct their business true and consistent to their business mission and vision by producing the highest quality of products for its customers and high profits for its investors. Being a philanthropist andRead MoreWhole Foods Swot Analysis1365 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesretailing of organic foods and the impact of these trends on Whole Foods Market. Existing trends in the retailing of organic foods are healthier eating habits, concern over purity of foods, health-consciousness and the idea that eating organic foods have a positive effect on the environment (Thompson, 2010). The craze of purchasing only organic foods has an effect on not only Whole Foods but on many supermarket chains. Although organic foods are marked up in comparison to processed foods there is muchRead MoreIntegration Of Whole Foods Into Abc Company1618 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Case Study YourFirstName YourLastName University title Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Integration of Whole Foods into ABC Company Name: Affiliation: Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, there are more than 34.9% of the adult population who are obese in the United States. They, therefore, suffer or are prone to conditions related to obesity such as type II diabetes, heart disease and some cancer types and some of these are the leading causes of those deaths that areRead MoreAnalysis Of The Outputs For Whole Foods Market Essay977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction In this case, an analysis of the outputs for Whole Foods Market was performed. As with the previous case in regards to inputs, the purpose of this analysis is to determine the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s outputs, how they interact, and how they help Whole Foods achieve their company goals. As such, determining the outputs, understanding how they are measured, and analyzing the congruency between the functions are imperative to determining how they fit into the organization. Organizational Outputs andRead MoreEssay on Whole Foods Market748 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Whole Foods Market: 2010 How to Grow in An Increasingly Competitive Market? Patricia Harasta and Alan N. Hoffman A Case Study Analysis Antonia Jackson MBA Dr. Pamela Barnes 13 October 2013 I. Introduction Whole Foods Market is one of the biggest organic and natural whole food suppliers in the world. They provide a wide variety of select foods that are without hormones or antibiotics and are stamped with the U.S. Department of AgricultureÃ¢â¬â¢s stamp of approval. They value the fact thatRead MoreWhole Foods Market Is Responsible For Protection Of Human Health And The Environment1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction About Whole Foods Market Whole Foods Market is a supermarket chain launched in 1980 and is the first certified organic grocer in the United States. They are a growing chain with 462 locations all around the world as of 2016 with more than 90,000 employees. Whole Foods underpinning culture is to sell the highest quality of organic products to meet the needs of every customers, while supporting their team members value. Introduction to the Topic Whole Foods received a warning letter from
Friday, December 13, 2019
Brief Biography of Author and Opinion Langston Hughes was a very well-known American author from Kansas throughout the 20th century. He also attended schools in Topeka and Lawrence. At this time, racial tension was a subject of colossal weight in society. We will write a custom essay sample on Ã¢â¬Å"One Friday MorningÃ¢â¬ by Langston Hughes Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Thus, Hughes felt the need to write stories that would shed light on the ignored racial injustice and segregation at the time. One instance in which, he displays such concern was when he wrote the story entitled One Friday Morning. Main Characters The story took a place in George Washington High where Nancy, a young colored girl excelled in the art of painting, It did not take time for her teacher, Miss Dietrich to take notice of NancyÃ¢â¬â¢s perfect talent in the art of painting. As a result, Miss Dietrich facilitated Nancy in entering the scholarship contest, which she won unknowingly. One day, Miss Oshay, the principal of Washington High called Nancy Lee in her office it was raining that day. Nancy was had skeptical, little did she know that she has won the art scholarship. During the same month, Miss Osha called Nancy and informed her that the people took the prize away from Nancy after knowing that she was a black. This was evidence that racial discrimination was a matter of serious concern, and that was the idea that Hughes was trying to brought. eSS Point of View, Tone, Theme In Friday Morning, Hughes clearly narrates NancyÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view of the situation as a struggling biochcÃ ¿ child who is block by the walls of racial tension, By doing so, Hughes showed empathy by depicting the unfair treatment of African American in the 20th century, This empathetic emotion can be seen in the scene in which Hughes go from Nancy being happy after cow) being told that she won the prize, to Nancy being sad because the commuter takes the prize away. Moreover, refusing to give Nancy the scholarship art contest prize because of her skin color, evokes a theme of racial inequality as well as a sad recurring tone throughout the lines of HughesÃ¢â¬â¢ writing. Summary Hughes story could be contained in the event that Nancy Lee, an African American girl, had been denied the art scholarship contest prize, after she won it. This was due to the fact that Nancy Lee was a person of color. The conflict of that story resides in the fight for racial equality, Although Nancy was denied ofthe prize she won because of racism, Nancy and her art teacher Miss OÃ¢â¬â¢Shay was however willing to speak up about it. In doing so, the plot of Nancy LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s story evolves into a story with a theme anchored in equality for all. The first step in establishing that evolution was NancyÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with her art teacher Dietrich who helped her improve her painting. The second step involves the triumph of Nancy, for she has won a prize, and the third is the refusal of her prize due to the opposing forces of racism. The refusal of the prize was the climatic event that triggered Nancy Lee to speak out against racism. Hence, the eventual action of Nancy to fight against racism along with Miss OÃ¢â¬â¢ Shay constitutes the resolution of the story. Communicated Effectively and Expressed Ideas In Complete Sentences The author effectively communicated the theme of the story by narrating the story in a sequential manner. The grammar was on point, and the story flew naturally from the premise. It is to be noted that the story was structured in a way that conveys a lot of emotion. Ideas are expressed in complete sentences and are paraphrased correctly when needed, The text was well typed and there was no grammatical errors, bad punctuation and autograph. How to cite Ã¢â¬Å"One Friday MorningÃ¢â¬ by Langston Hughes Essay, Essays
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Question: How would the strategic management model be helpful to you in identifying and securing the most promising position? Answer: Some of the critics argued that strategic management is one of the most essential processes that allows in creating most promising decision that helps in developing proper vision and mission for business as well as individual. In terms of searching job as a strategic decision, need to set up appropriate vision and mission along with goals and objectives. However, following model of strategic management allows the people in setting up vision and mission as well as creates objectives that help in achieving the set vision and mission. The above mention components helps in searching job as a strategic decision during post graduation. Following are the brief description of the components of strategic management model that helps in understanding better way of making strategic decision during post graduation for job search. Mission Mission allows to develop a specific idea for individual in terms of searching job as a post graduation student. Mission helps the students in understanding who is he or she, what is the value and where has to go? External Analysis: In order to search a job as a post graduation need to analysis the external environment first. For example, student that contains post graduation degree needs to utilize the market of job in business industry, movement of company, etc. Therefore, external analysis helps in developing appropriate idea about the career that may success in future. Internal Analysis: Before searching a job, student has to analyze their internal skills, knowledge and ability of performance. It can help in getting better job opportunity. Strategic analysis and choice: Internal analysis and external analysis helps the student who contains post graduation degree in identifying the range of possibilities regarding interactive opportunities. In order to develop promising career these opportunities are the possible avenues. Apart from that, in order to set up the possibilities and achieving opportunities, student must to screen skills and knowledge. This process allows in selecting the appropriate strategic choice for the students in identifying and developing promising career. Long Term Objectives: Long terms objectives mainly concern the students about identifying the MNCs that are the technological leadership, has competitive positions, wide range of productivity, public responsibility, etc . Short Term Objectives: It allows in developing the appropriate guidance that required in identifying and developing promising career such as hard work . Generic and Grand strategies: Generic strategy assists in characterizing the competitive orientation in the market place such as focus on development fundamental options. Action Plan: It translates the grand and generic strategies into actions and specify the mission for achieving within next couple of month. Functional Tactics: Help in creating general framework for the students in searching job according to the activities and requirement. Policies: Set up appropriate policy that empowers plans. Strategic Control: Help in detecting problems in implementing way of developed strategy. Reference List Alvintzi, Patrick and Hannes Eder,Crisis Management(Nova Science Publishers, 2010) Kahreh, Mohammad Safari, 'Economics Of Strategic Knowledge Management: A New Model For Assessment' International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance Klumbyte, Egle and Rasa Apanaviciene, 'Real Estate Strategic Management Model For Lithuanian Municipalities' (2014) 18International Journal of Strategic Property Management Kunz, Veit Dominik and Lorraine Warren, 'From Innovation To Market Entry: A Strategic Management Model For New Technologies' (2011) 23Technology Analysis Strategic Management Le Masson, Pascal, BenoiÃÅ'Ã¢â¬Å¡t Weil and Armand Hatchuel,Strategic Management Of Innovation And Design(Cambridge University Press, 2010) Meszek, WiesÃâ¦Ã¢â¬Å¡aw, 'Property Valuation Under Uncertainty. Simulation Vs Strategic Model' (2013) 17International Journal of Strategic Property Management.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Analytical View Of James Joyces' Araby Essays - Araby, James Joyce Analytical View Of James Joyces' Araby # Goldstein ## Sara Goldstein Ernst Narrative Fiction 22 October 2000 An Analytical View of Araby Viewpoints from which stories are written are used to enhance the overall point a story is making. James Joyces Araby is no exception. Narrated by a young boy of about twelve or thirteen, it depicts his personal coming of age. The usage of a first person narration allows the reader to see things the way the boy sees them; be as innocent and wistful as he is, thus feeling the incredible intensity of his eventual realization. In addition to this coming of age theme, intricately woven throughout are hints to Joyces contemptuous view of Roman Catholicism, as well as many biblical allusions. Araby takes place around the turn of the century in Dublin, Ireland. At this time in history the Catholic Church had a great hold on the country. James Joyce held an immense dislike for the Roman Catholic Church and the strains it put forth, however these were not feelings that could be shared openly. Instead Joyce wrote about them in a symbolic fashion, using his writing as a tool to speak out. The opening paragraph of this story sets it up as one that will do just that. He states, ...it was a quiet street except at the hour when the Christian Brothers School set the boys free, suggesting that their religion had imprisoned them. The former tenant of the boys house, a charitable priest, had died inside and left his money to institutions and his furniture to his sister. This could be a symbolic reference to the fall of Roman Catholicism; his house being the country of Ireland, the priest being the religion. It is also interesting to note that the priest passed on with a lot of money- basically a contradictory situation (though the narrator fails to question this due to his naivet. How would a priest end up with so much money? This is a possible stab at the hypocrisy and dishonesty of the church. Religion, as a whole comes up symbolically many times throughout the story. Joyce makes obvious reference to the Garden of Eden when describing the wild garden behind the house [which] contained a central apple tree. This is a parallel to a well known fall from grace, as the boy will soon experience. In addition, nearly all the boys thoughts of his silent admiration can be identified as religious references. Many of them happen to be sexual desires stifled by religion. The girl is most certainly used as a representation of the Virgin Mary. One night, before the bazaar, the boy watches out the window the brown clad figure cast by my imagination, touched discreetly by the lamplight at the curved neck, at the hand upon the railings and at the border below the dress. More specifically, when the uncle has not yet returned to take the boy to the bazaar, the aunt suggests that he put off the bazaar for this night of our lord. This night being Saturday, the service which is dedicated to veneration of Virgin Mary- sort of what he is doing by going to Araby for the girl. It is also interesting to note that there are multiple times when he refers to his infatuation in religious terms, such as her name coming to him in prayer, or her words playing him as if he were a harp. Due to strong religious obligations, sexuality was greatly repressed during the time of this story. This idea was vividly sketched in the paragraph which states All my senses seemed to desire to veil themselves and, feeling that I was about to slip from them, I pressed the palms of my hands together until they trembled, murmuring O love! O love! many times. The intense sexual undertones of this passage are unmistakable. It illustrates the boys confusion of religion and sexuality. A more straight forward example of sexual themes occurs when the girl and boy actually speak. Her obligations to her religion (the retreat) override her more sexual desires, while she releases her nervous sexual tension through twirling her silver bracelet around her arm. Furthermore, the boy seems to create a sexual image of the girl